# Math

## Math Course Descriptions

Foundations of Algebra is a first year high school mathematics course option for students who have completed mathematics in grades 6 – 8 yet will need substantial support to bolster success in high school mathematics. The course is aimed at students who have reported low standardized test performance in prior grades and/or have demonstrated significant difficulties in previous mathematics classes. Foundations of Algebra will provide many opportunities to revisit and expand the understanding of foundational algebra concepts, will employ diagnostic means to offer focused interventions, and will incorporate varied instructional strategies to prepare students for required high school mathematics courses. The course will emphasize both algebra and numeracy in a variety of contexts including number sense, proportional reasoning, quantitative reasoning with functions, and solving equations and inequalities.

This course covers such key concepts as variables, function patterns, graphs, operations with rational numbers, and properties of rational numbers. Students solve linear equations and inequalities, and study slope, and graphing linear functions. This course also covers exponents, polynomials, and factoring. It also helps students study quadratic equations and functions, radical expressions and equations, rational expressions and functions, and study counting methods.

Prerequisite: GSE Algebra I
This course addresses basic skills in geometry including reasoning, developing proofs, identifying geometric figures, and constructing figures. This course also teaches students about the properties of right triangles and trigonometric ratios, transformations of plane figures, and the parts of a circle and their properties. Additionally, students will develop and apply formulas for area, surface area, and volume of two- and three-dimensional figures.

Prerequisite: GSE Geometry
In this course, students solve equations, inequalities, systems and problems using matrices, inverse matrices, matrix operations, and determinants. Students also learn about different functions and are introduced to the imaginary number i and find complex solutions to equations. This course also introduces exponential and logarithmic functions, conic sections, probability, statistics, sequences, and series.